Aion: Efficient Temporal Graph Data Management


Modern graph database management systems (DBMSs) can process highly dynamic labeled property graphs (LPGs) with many billions of relationships comfortably, but those systems often ignore the temporal dimension of data, how a graph evolved over time. Temporal analytics allow users to query and compute over the graph throughout its history so that valuable line-of-business data is always accessible and never lost. However, existing approaches tend to be ad-hoc and vary in performance depending on the size of the effective graph workload, such as local pattern matching or global graph algorithms. In this work, we describe Aion, a transactional temporal graph DBMS that generalizes previous approaches for LPGs. Aion extends Neo4j, a modern graph DBMS, incurring minimal performance overhead by decoupling the graph’s history from the latest graph version. To support efficient temporal analytics independently of workload characteristics, Aion adopts a hybrid temporal storage approach: (i) for fast full graph restoration at arbitrary time points, it uses TimeStore that indexes updates by time; (ii) for fine-grained graph history accesses, it uses LineageStore that indexes updates by entity identifiers. To enable incremental graph computations for improved latency, Aion introduces a computeefficient in-memory LPG representation. Our experiments show that Aion achieves comparable or better performance versus existing non-transactional temporal systems and provides up to an order of magnitude speedup over classic Neo4j

EDBT 2024
Jim Webber
Jim Webber
Chief Scientist

I’m a computer scientist interested in fault-tolerance for graph databases.